Thursday, July 9, 2020

Essay Overcoming Obstacles - How You Can Make Your Essay a Success

Essay Overcoming Obstacles - How You Can Make Your Essay a SuccessDue to the growing demand for students, essay overcoming obstacles samples have become the must-have material for high school teachers. The main reason for this is that the works will help your students not only to tackle the toughest aspects of their paper but also make an effort to get a good grade. An essay that does not make an effort will never achieve the desired grades for the test. This is why you need to take the utmost care while preparing essays.It is only through essays that students will get the idea of what they should do to improve their work. Through a student's essay, the teacher will be able to evaluate the achievement level of the student and be able to determine the extent of improvement needed in order to get a good grade. Moreover, an essay provides the necessary knowledge about the student and thus will help him or her to understand the topic.Most of the schools provide support to help students i n obtaining a good grade and they provide basic knowledge on essays. The most common basic knowledge provided to help students prepare essays are the following. These examples will provide you with ideas to analyze the use of various style guidelines in writing essays.When choosing different essay formats, it is necessary to understand the meaning of the essay. Essays are not a substitute for homework. When you are reading a paper, you are reading it in order to absorb all the information given to you.Once you understand the essay format, analyze the essay using a reader in order to decide if the style and the language of the essay is easy to read. When you study a paper, you always concentrate on the points that are not well-written.Remember that your essay cannot be accepted or passed just because of the introduction paragraph or the introduction. Any attempt to push the essay along by means of strong essay writing skills will not work.Students must keep in mind that they must pro vide a good essay. The higher the level of the essay, the better the grade will be. In order to prepare a good essay, students must learn effective writing skills.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Extraction of Dna from Calf or Hog Thymus/Isolation of...

Extraction of DNA from Calf or Hog Thymus/Isolation of Yeast RNA I. Abstract Nucleic acids may be divided into two groups RNA and DNA. DNA contains almost all the genetic information while RNA serves as the bridge between the DNA and proteins. Study of both DNA and RNA initially involves proper extraction/isolation. The storehouse of eukaryotic DNA is the nucleus (and in the mitochondria), so experimentally, DNA is extracted from tissues that have a high nuclear to cytoplasmic mass ratio, such as the tissues of the thymus gland and spleen. The thymus gland is a particularly good site for DNA extraction because it functions as the primary site for T lymphocyte differentiation. The T lymphocytes it acts upon have a round nucleus that†¦show more content†¦7.4 (at this pH, stability of crucial hydrogen bonds and other linkages in the DNA double helix are maintained). The addition of sodium citrate buffer has two other significances. First, it chelates Mg2+ and Mn2+, cations that serve as cofactors for DNAses. This chelating action of sodium citrate prevents the degradative enzymes to take effect in performing their function. Secondly, sodium citrate chelates other divalent cations (e.g. Ca2+) that could form salts w ith the anionic phosphate groups in the DNA backbone. Centrifugation was done next in order to separate the nuclei from other cellular organelles as well as cellular debris. The denser nuclei sank down to the bottom after centrifugation, forming the residue, whilst the  ¡Ã‚ §lighter ¡Ã‚ ¨ cellular organelles such as the mitochondria, etc. remained suspended in the supernatant. After discarding off the supernatant, the residue was suspended in 24 ml of 2.0 M NaCl. This was done because the salt increases the ionic strength of the solvent that in turn produces a  ¡Ã‚ §salting in ¡Ã‚ ¨ effect. Salting in then allowed the proteins of the nucleus to again, dissolve for easier separation later through a second centrifugation. Another effect of salt addition is that it could, with strong possibility, weaken the interactions between the negative charges carried by DNA and the positive charge of basic proteins. SDS solution was then

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Lord Of The Flies, By William Golding - 1346 Words

A Russian novelist, Maxim Gorky once said, You can t do without philosophy, since everything has its hidden meaning which we must know. Many readers believe that there are no deeper meanings in what is being read. In actuality, there could be many meaning if the reader discovers the symbolism in a piece of literature. In Lord of the Flies, there are many characters and objects that hold a symbolic value. Characters such as Ralph, the protagonist, and Jack, the antagonist, represent many things such as good and evil. But, there are also symbols that are within the title of the book and the name of the chapters. In Golding s Lord of the Flies, the narrator highlights that the story is more than just boys on an island, suggesting that there is a deeper meaning then what is being read. The author depicts that there is a significance of the chapter named The Shell and the Glasses. In Lord of the Flies, Golding often showcases the importance of the conch and Piggy s glasses. This is evident when Ralph says, And another thing. We can t have everybody talking at once. We have to have Hands up like at school. That s what this shell s called. I ll give the conch to the next person to speak. He can hold it when he s speaking(45). Jack shows the significance of Piggy s glasses when he says, His specs-use them as burning glasses!(55). The shell and the glasses are significantly symbolic from the beginning of the story, both represents many different ideas. TheShow MoreRelatedLord Of The Flies By William Golding869 Words   |  4 PagesLord of the Flies Psychology Sometimes people wear fake personas like a cloak over their shoulders, used to hide what is really underneath. This harsh reality is witnessed in William Golding’s classic Lord of the Flies, a novel that is famous for not only its sickening plot, but also for the emotional breakdowns all of its characters experience. These issues are akin to those shown in certain real-world psychological experiments. A summary of Golding’s Lord of the Flies, combined with the evidenceRead MoreThe Lord Of The Flies By William Golding1347 Words   |  6 Pages The theme of The Lord of the Flies, by William Golding, is the reason society is flawed is because people are flawed. Although Piggy is knowledgeable, he has many flaws including his laziness and physical inabilities. Ralph is an authority seeker. He sets rules and laws, yet does little to enforce them. Ralph wants to be the ruler, without doing the work to enforce his laws. Jack is persistent. He is rude, harsh and violent in or der to get what he wants. He wants to be supreme. Piggy’s flaws areRead MoreLord Of The Flies By William Golding1123 Words   |  5 PagesIn the novel Lord of The Flies by William Golding, the characters Ralph, Piggy, and Jack represent important World War II leaders Franklin Roosevelt, Adolf Hitler, and Winston Churchill. Golding, who had served in World War II, was well aware of the savagery created, and used it to base his book on. Ralph represents Franklin Roosevelt , Jack represents Adolf Hitler, and Piggy represents Winston Churchill. Ralph being of the novel’s main protagonist is important in the outcome of the story becauseRead MoreThe Lord Of The Flies By William Golding1065 Words   |  5 PagesThe Lord of the Flies Essay The Lord of the Flies written by William Golding and published on September 17, 1954 is a story told about a group of stranded boys and their fight for survival against the wilderness and themselves. In this story many signs of symbolism are used by Golding to point out certain aspects of society that Golding thought strongly of. This story on first read may just seem to be a survival- esque piece of literature but, on a deeper look one can find Golding’s true motiveRead MoreLord of The Flies by William Golding619 Words   |  2 PagesGovernments are no different; they fight for power just like the rest of us do. They just do it on a much bigger scale. Qualities from Oligarchy, Totalitarianism, Democracy, Dictatorship, and Anarchy governments are used in several parts of Lord of The Flies that represent different characters and different situations. An Oligarchy is a small group of people having control of a country or organization. A Totalitarianism government is a form of government that permits no individual freedom and thatRead MoreThe Lord of the Flies by William Golding1306 Words   |  5 PagesIn The Lord of the Flies, William Golding creates a microcosm that appears to be a utopia after he discharged from the British Royal Navy following World War II. After an emergency landing, Golding places a diverse group of boys on the island that soon turns out to be anything but utopia. The island the boys are on turns out to be an allegorical dystopia with inadequate conditions (Bryfonski 22). The boys reject all lessons they learned from their prior British society, and they turn towards theirRead MoreLord of the Flies by William Golding932 Words   |  4 Pagesdiscussing two particular themes from a novel called Lord of the Flies by William Golding. Lord of the Flies was written in 1954 after World War II. Ruler of the Flies is a purposeful anecdote about something that many readers can’t really describe. Individuals cant choose precisely what. Its either about the inalienable underhanded of man, or mental battle, or religion, or personal inclination, or the creators emotions on war; however William Golding was in the Navy throughout World War II, or perhapsRead MoreLord Of The Flies By William Golding1383 Words   |  6 PagesAccording to Lord of the Flies is still a Blueprint for Savagery by Eleanor Learmonth and Jenny Tabakoff, the words â€Å"I’m afraid. Of us† first appeared in Golding’s novel 60 years ago. Lord of the Flies by William Golding follows a group of schoolboys trapped on an island after a plane crash during a world war. At the beginning, they celebrate as the y have total autonomy as there are no adults around. They attempt to establish a civilization but when order collapses, they go on a journey from civilizationRead MoreLord Of The Flies By William Golding Essay1475 Words   |  6 Pages Outline Introduction Short intro for Lord of the Flies Short intro on Gangs The bullying and group mentality demonstrated in gangs has resemblances to the characters in Lord of the Flies. II. Bullying/Group mentality Gangs Drugs/Loyalty B. Lord of the flies Jack kills the pig/Jack and Ralph fight III. Effects B. Lord of the flies Jack killing the pig aftermath Violence IV. Conclusion Gangs are considered a group of people that have a common link togetherRead MoreLord Of The Flies By William Golding760 Words   |  4 PagesLord of the Flies is a hero’s story Lord of the Flies tells a story about a group of school boys who are twelve and younger. They crash on an unknown island whilst they are being evacuated at the dawn of the next world war. Ralph, who is the protagonist of the story, struggles to maintain vestiges of civilization against the call of human nature and savagery. William Golding’s Lord of the Flies is a hero’s story because Ralph, the elected leader of the boys, portrays the archetypal hero, he faces

Study of Ownership of Real Estate in Lagos-Samples for Students

Question: Discuss about the Prospects and Consumer Behaviour In Real Estate Investment. Answer: Introduction Elements influencing market of real estate are of immense significance around the world. Various studies will explore the variables affecting Nigerians to buy land or real estate. The investigation analyze the impact of attitude, apparent behavior control, subjective norms as well as socioeconomics on the expectation to buy real estate. Considering that socioeconomics as an arbitrator, an aggregate of 450 surveys were dispersed to respondents in Nigeria. In view of 322 surveys gathered, the outcomes demonstrate that positive critical connection amongst Attitude Subjective Standard toward the expectation to buy real estate is always there, while the Apparent Behavior Control or direct has not. Statistics or demographics were generally found not to moderately affect the connection amongst independents clients expectation or intentions to buy real estate in Lagos Nigeria (Casey, 2015). Previously customer conduct has prompted hypotheses, research methods or techniques plus background knowledge about consumer economy as well as self-benefit ideas. Purchaser behavior or conduct in the year 1950 depended on the idea of promoting through different optional approaches. Boundless appropriation of the advertising idea was the impulse for the investigation of buyer conduct. To recognize the neglected needs of customers, organizations have taken an interest in broad statistical surveying. In this way, they found that customers are exceptionally intricate, subject to different mental plus social needs. In this way the idea of marketing has stressed the significance of customer look into and laid the basis for the execution of the standards of consumer and purchaser behavior in promoting and marketing techniques or methodologies. It is fascinating to take note of that even earlier than the assessment of marketing idea, a natural comprehension of consumer or buyer behavior has been effectively a way for the development of real estate business. Keeping in mind the end goal t o comprehend how customers are affected to buy real estates, it is important to start with having the complete knowledge about how the idea of real estate business has created. It is additionally critical to consider or think how customer conduct hypotheses can be connected specifically to real estate business. The focus of this study is generally on Lagos, Nigeria real estate or land market for various reasons. To start with Lagos, Nigeria is a critical nation with the biggest real estate or land market. Additionally around forty-seven percent of the populace is of below 24 years age group (Zhao, 2014). This population ratio and quick urbanization rate consolidated to expand the development and growth of real estate market in Nigeria. In Lagos, Nigeria, preceding 1970, the biggest section of the populace was rural. While from the year 1970, a population of Lagos, Nigeria has boomed drastically and encountered a new pattern or fashion that is, the movement of the populace rural to v ery urban areas. Particularly the major urban centers saw unmatched development. In the vicinity of 1950 and 1994, the urbanization level in Lagos, Nigeria expanded parallel with huge development or growth for the populace for a similar period (Tuccillo, 2013). All the reports or studies on Lagos, Nigeria real estate or land market reported that there was an immense demand or stipulation of real estate or property units mostly in the housing sector that will need an enormous number of real estate units. Understanding the components impacting buyer's behavior to buy real estate and to invest in real estate in Lagos, Nigeria market is vital. This will give urgent understanding to leaders as well as and policy developers in dealing with the lodging requests. As per prior examinations, this sort of studies may give outcomes that will likewise be of significance for land or real estate engineers to fulfill the requirements and needs of their clients (WolskiZaczna, 2013). Literature Review Hypothesis Development Formal association in lodging in Lagos, Nigeria began in 1951. The government of Lagos, Nigeria utilized subsidizing to give lodging to its citizens. The administration support called the Real Estate or property development fund offers money loans, compensated in portions for a long time to citizens, to build or purchase their own particular houses (Chatterjee, 2013). The main two necessities for this loan procedure is that Nigerian resident must be no less than 21 years of age, in addition, he/she didn't get any previous loan with no confinements to an area. According to Messah, housing or real estate business development in Lagos has changed totally from last 50 years (Messah, 2013). Household dream or vision for property or to invest in real estate is extremely identified with housing decisions which consider changes in monetary and social elements that influence Lagos's lodging real estate, must be considered in any examination of the real estate market in Lagos. The real estate sector desires to distinguish these key patterns and survey their suggestions for the real estate market. A real estate neighborhood and its area in connection to administrations are critical in real estate markets. Powerless or weak regulations in a few areas got issues in some regions like streets limit, framework, and usage of normal offices and social administrations which brought about distress to numerous residents of a few units. Interest for lodging and real estate expanded from last so many years. Designers necessitate knowingfew elements or factors which affected the buying intention and consumer behavior is real estate and property investment and also in the basic leadership procedure of purchasing a property (Gangai Agrawal, 2016). As indicated by Lusht, the financial commitment of the land and real estate development part amid the last thirty years has been extremely noteworthy (Lusht, 2011). In real estate industry, value-added distribution of the building sector had a ugmented from 3.5% to 13.4%, enlisting a yearly compound development or growth rate of about 11.2%. From last five years, property and real estate segments contribution in the GDP expanded and increased from 3.9% to 4.7% (Cooper, 2013). From 2008 until now many developed nations are having the explosion in the real estate demands regardless of a huge increase in housing or residential houses savings. According to Langviniene, in order to win the market competition, some factors which influence the buying intention and consumer behavior to buy real estate necessitate being resolute (Langviniene, 2015). As a result, the main objective of the study or research is to examine the Nigerian consumer planning and intention to purchase real estate. The attitude, finance, intention, social factors, a subjective norm of the Nigerian consumer as well as the location of real estate and housing toward the planning and intention to purchase and invest in real estate, will be thoroughly studied in this study (Chatterjee, 2013). Theory of rational action: Its a common theory to give details about common human behavior. Kavaliauske Ubartait?, have created a hypothetical grounds of speculation of rational action which simply states that way of life influence attitudes of human being, which prompt to intentions as well as finally to human behaviors (Kavaliauske Ubartait?, 2014). TRA was gotten from past research that began as the hypothesis of disposition or attitude. It has notwithstanding prompted the investigation of the state of mind and conduct. The segment of TRA comprises three general builds: behavioral intention, demeanor and subjective standard. TRA proposes that a man's behavioral intention relies upon the individual's attitude or state of mind towards the subjective standard and behavior (Readings in real estate investment analysis, 2012). Theory of deliberated behavior: This theory as planned by Hung Glascock is an augmentation of the Theory of Rational Action to anticipate behavior in true mode (Hung Glascock, 2014). Amid the previous decades, this theory has been utilized by numerous analysts and it indicated that it could foresee intentions and expectations. A man's conduct or behavior expectation is impacted by a mentality toward the subjective standards and behavior. According to a research presented by Hua in 2011, this theory is utilized to comprehend the relationship of goals or intentions to playing out and performing a conduct. All these intentions are affected by dispositions towards the conduct, the social pressure to play out this conduct, which is also known as subjective standards and control on the personal behavior, which is alluded to as control on behaviors (Gangai Agrawal, 2016). This theory anticipated by Hartzell, Sun Titman, 2016 in this research was acknowledged as a hypothesis to clarify an d estimate human conduct (Hartzell, Sun Titman, 2016). TPB has been utilized to explore the variables impacting purchasers to purchase their real estate and also to invest in real estate. Attitude: According to Gholipour Fereidouni Ariffin Masron, attitude is the individual's support or disapproval toward an activity (Gholipour Fereidouni Ariffin Masron, 2013). Attitude is characterized as a mental inclination that is articulated by assessing a specific substance with some level of support or disgrace. Attitude is additionally characterized as the mode people react to and are arranged towards a protest. Previous examinations by (Chen Wang) found that a solid and enduring connection amongst attitude as well as repurchase intentions is present (Chen Wang, 2015. Clients have the intention to contrast the apparent administration with the normal administrations of real estate. If clients felt that the administration is beneath their desire, they would be disappointed. Conversely, if a customer feelings were equivalent to or surpasses their own desires, they will be definitely dissatisfied. Likewise, they proposed to purchase from the supplier and sentiments of the purc haser impact buying procedure of real estate (Pfnuer Armonat, 2012). Person who has convictions that come out because of taking part in a constructive conduct and it will have an uplifting attitude toward playing out the behavior, at the same time as a man who has convictions that come about because of participating in a negative conduct will surely have a negative disposition toward playing out the conduct or behavior. Subjective Norm: This subjective norm comes out because of how the individual sees the pressures put on him/her to effectively perform and not to play out the behavior to purchase real estate and to invest in real estate. Consumers view of social pressures put on him by others to buy or invest in real estate (Starcevic, 2011). Companions, guardians, political gatherings, and additionally operator may be engaged with the purchasing decisions (Capozza Israelsen, 2012). The mentalities of others impact the buying choices. When other people are near to a client as well as have high negativism toward the item such as real estate and property, clients will probably change his buy goal and intention (Casey, 2015). What's more, a client's buy intention will increment in case that other people associated with him have same intentions about the similar item. Customers are most of the time impacted by friends data, required with the genuine home choices. Social elements assume critical parts i n picking a house or real estate to buy. Subjective standards impact consumer behavior and purchase intention to buy a house or invest in the property. Finance: As per Brown, Schwann Scott finance is a profoundly essential factor for clients to consider when buying lodging and invest in real estate (Brown, Schwann Scott, 2015). The monetary factor needs real estate buyers to acquire a lot of cash as well as to pay premiums for obtaining (Wood, 2005). This cost and price premium is utilized as a marker of customer eagerness to buy an item found that money related factors infrequently had the most elevated impact on consumer behavior and purchase intention to purchase or invest in real estate especially in Nigeria. Intention: Intention means that a man's ability to play out the behavior and it is a quick predecessor of conduct. The aim is the needy variable which is anticipated by a free factor to be specific state of mind, Subjective Norm as well as Apparent Behavioral Control. Expectation changes every once in a while and as the time interim builds, the lower is the relationship amongst goal and activity (Asabere Harvey, 2015). Antczak-St?pniak in 2015 found in their investigations that expectations and intentions are solid indicators of consumer behavior (Antczak-St?pniak, 2015). Accordingly, the consumer behavior and purchase intention both are antecedents to purchase real estate or a property. In the field of buyer conduct, the social influences most to the purchaser conduct and inside various sorts of social orders. Supervisors of any organizations must need to consider about mental and behavioral impacts. Be that as it may, the subculture, social classes are the likewise vital elements of shopper conduct. Real estate industry must catch the picture of customers needs and recognize their needs by identifying their social orders. What's more, the social is the standards, customs and conventional among the general public. Ambrose, Diop Yoshida in 2016 who distinguish that inside socially heterogeneous social orders like the United States, and the nations of Western Europe, the mental and behavioral results of ethnic gathering enrollment is of significance (Ambrose, Diop Yoshida, 2016). It is one sort of focal point through which individuals can see item and administrations. The purchase decisions can't be distinguished without taking society setting in which they are made . On the opposite side, there are some social exercises which are considered to acquire the shopper conduct. For the most part, the way of life can be partitioned into the three sections to be specific social, sub-social and social class. The part of sub-social is to distinguish the nationalities, religions and geographic provincial. Furthermore, it is very imperative to comprehend about sub-social since it serves to the organizations to give the best administrations and item in the market measure. What's more, all human social orders display social stratification and some time, it appears as a standing framework. However, the social class incorporates the pay of individual as well as it demonstrates the level of training and occupation. After the social factors in the investigation of purchaser conduct, the Social factors additionally influence the buyer conduct. From the early year, Alfred in 2015 found that socialization which is resolved the method for examples of conduct or the procedure by which the individual can receive social parts (Alfred, 2015). Where the family is all the more effective social variables, it influences the customer conduct as opposed to social standards. Moreover, the social variables incorporate self-idea and identity. This social factor is influenced by reference gatherings and family and social parts and statuses. Reference gatherings of an individual which incorporate diverse sorts of gatherings like companionships gatherings, work and shopping bunch that effects on purchaser conduct. The buyer conduct likewise relies upon the individual qualities. The method for the shopper conduct is controlled by purchaser's age and stage in the life cycle, individual occupation, monetary conditions, and way of life of individual and furthermore conduct is influenced by identity and self-idea (Addae-Dapaah, Webb, Kim Hin Ho Hiang Liow, 2012). A purchaser will probably feel required with the buy, when the item or administration meets certain a ttributes like enthusiastic interest, has a place with a class of items that especially intrigue the customer, involves note-worthy dangers and is related to the standards of a gathering. A wide range of individual variables has the ability to impact acquiring decision. The showcasing blend is not a hypothesis of administration that has been gotten from logical examination, yet an applied structure which features the foremost choices that advertizing supervisor's make in arranging their offerings to suit clients needs (AL-Nahdi, Habib Abbaas Albdour, 2015). The instruments can be utilized to create both long haul procedures and here and now strategic projects. It alludes to the experience of utilizing an item or administration. At the point when an administration goes out to the client, it is fundamental that you enable him to perceive what he is purchasing or not. For instance leaflets, flyers and so forth fill this need. Research Methodology This part of the study covers the exploration techniques and tools that effectively be utilized as a part of the examination. The examination outline, populace and testing plan and inspecting procedures utilized as a part of the exploration are incorporated into this research. It likewise covers the examining outline, information accumulation; explore system and information investigation strategies utilized in the study. For this study, a research design is carefully considered like a blueprint or proposal for this research on factors influencing purchase intention and consumer behavior to invest in real estate in Nigeria. This blueprint and proposal deal with four tribulations such as questions related to study, what type of data is relevant for study, what type of data is collected for the study, as well as how to examine the results. For this research, a proper research design is utilized which is basically a descriptive review. In this study main focus is also onto collect the re spondents viewpoint on the factors that impact consumers behavior and purchasers intention in investing in a real estate. For this research, a simple arbitrary sampling technique is used to sample purchasers and consumers behavior and attitude towards real estate investment. These guarantees that the consumers and purchasers are picked arbitrarily from the three areas and who have distinctive qualities and attitudes, have been consolidated into this research. Essential information is utilized as a part of this examination and the overview technique for information accumulation is utilized. For this research primary data is utilized and the review method of information or data collection is used. Structured on concealed questionnaires with open-ended as well as closed-ended type of questionnaires are hand to hand-delivered to all the respondents, works together with a conceptual manner that portrays the major goal of this research. Hypothesis Development The solutions to the hypotheses development as well as the main research or survey questions are tested through various empirical methods or techniques. The Univariate investigation is utilized for expressive purposes at the same time a multivariate examination technique is utilized for the explanatory insights. For this research on the factors influencing buying intention or consumer behavior in property or real estate investment in Lagos, Nigeria secondary data is collected from syndicated administrations plus published materials for instance journals, online materials, as well as books are used to extract the data. This research study collected information or data through a review distributed in Lagos by utilizing a self-administrated feedback form. The inquiries are tailored from different researchers namely XYZ. What distinguishes this survey from others is that this survey comprises of two fundamental segments. The main area asks some information about the respondent's attribut es. Information is likewise gathered about consumers and purchasers attitudes, subjective standards, apparent behavior control as well location of a property. To survey attitudes, subjective standards, apparent behavior control Likert Scale technique is utilized. A survey is done to collect data about all consumers and purchasers who are interested in real estate investments Population in Lagos Nigeria. The sample data is selected indiscriminately. On the other hand, data that is collected for this research is adapted from several types of research and questionnaires are distributed straightforwardly to respondents. Factor analysis as well as reliability is utilized to test purchasers and consumers attitudes towards real estate. Sample Questionnaire What factors changed the consumers and buyers buying approach or attitude for Real Estate in Lagos, Nigeria? Does price influence or impact consumers behavior of purchasing property or real estate? Does the real estate market value influence consumer's choice of property or real estate they purchase? Does promotional behavior influence consumer's choice of the property or real estate they purchase? An aggregate of 450 arrangements or questionnaires of surveys were dispersed to respondents in Lagos. Out of the aggregate of surveys disseminated, 380 arrangements of polls were returned which speak to 84%. Just 322 arrangements of the surveys were usable which speaks to a rate of 71.5%. Individual and inclination information will be asked by the ostensible inquiry. On this examination, markers that will clarify the item is lodging sort, surface range, number of room, number of washrooms, building material particular, house configuration, arrive designer ensure, grumble responsiveness speed, real and guarantee correlation, arrive plan affirmation, data accessibility of lawful, saving money portion direction, capital pick up, speed of responsiveness, and the capacity to tell data. These inquiries will be asked by the Likert scale and ostensible scale. Cost is something that individuals brought to the table to get the item they need. Pointers of cost on this exploration the house cost as well as the loan fees, measures of up front installment and the measures of bank portions. These inquiries will be asked by a Likert scale and ostensible scale. Preceding information accumulation the surveys will be arranged at that point guided to guarantee precision, every poll will be given a one of a kind number to distinguish it. The surveys will then be hand-conveyed to the respondent's and will be identified when they should finish them. Before the investigation is done, the finished surveys will be checked for consistency and coding will be done in availability for information examination. After information accumulation, all surveys will be checked for culmination, clarity, consistency and afterward, they will be altered, coded, deciphered at that point dissected utilizing connection examination. Secondary Data Extraction The next stage is for the scientists to peruse the full content of each article distinguished for consideration in the survey and concentrate the germane information utilizing an institutionalized information extraction/coding structure. Outline the data from the information extraction sheets for the included investigations. Automate the information accumulation and investigation forms. The information extraction structures can be utilized to create a synopsis table of study qualities that were viewed as vital for consideration. The information accumulations for any auto maker should be possible at four levels to altogether approve the effect ponder and to give data to a few invested individuals. For cost reasons, it couldn't direct perceptions of at work application, meetings or center gatherings. Particular key measurements that would drive business effect from the poll and after that approved the measurements with real figures affirmed by the customer. The two surveys contained th e very same inquiries with the exception of an adjustment in tense for the half year follow-up adaptation. RH places awesome accentuation on consumer loyalty and screens execution through a Variety of estimation devices. One is the month to month client "Perspective" overview that follows client perspectives of merchant benefit including some financing measurements. These furnish the administration group with information. Interview Guide Interviews and meetings were especially helpful for getting the story behind a member's encounters. The questioner can seek after inside and out data around the exploration questions. Meetings might be helpful as the follow-up to specific respondents to polls, for instance, additionally examine their reactions. For this situation, the experimental investigation requires a poll review. The meeting can be done together with the poll study. It can make the exploration complete and profound as well as spare the cost of doing the overview and meetings. The meeting of the purchasers and potential purchasers was a casual meeting. Phone meetings can empower the questioners to assemble data quickly. It likewise permits individual contacts amongst questioner and interviewees. References Addae-Dapaah, K., Webb, J., Kim Hin Ho, D., HiangLiow, K. (2012). Value versus Growth International Real Estate Investment. Real Estate Economics, 41(1), 65-101. Alfred, O. (2015). Factors Influencing Real Estate Agents Selection: A Survey of Real Estate Customers in Nigeria. Journal Of Investment And Management, 4(2), 68. AL-Nahdi, T., Habib, S., AbbaasAlbdour, A. (2015). Factors Influencing the Intention to Purchase Real Estate in Migeria: Moderating Effect of Demographic Citizenship. International Journal Of Business And Management, 10(4). Ambrose, B., Diop, M., Yoshida, J. (2016). Product Market Competition and Corporate Real Estate Investment under Demand Uncertainty. Real Estate Economics, 45(3), 521-590. Antczak-St?pniak, A. (2015). Local Factors Influencing The Increase In Development Activity In Selected Cities Of Poland. Real Estate Management And Valuation, 23(3). Asabere, P., Harvey, B. (2015). Factors Influencing the Value of Urban Land: Evidence from Halifax-Dartmouth, Canada. Real Estate Economics, 13(4), 361-377. Brown, R., Schwann, G., Scott, C. (2015). Personal Residential Real Estate Investment in Lagos: Investor Characteristics and Investment Parameters. Real Estate Economics, 36(1), 139-173. Capozza, D., Israelsen, R. (2012). Predictability in Equilibrium: The Price Dynamics of Real Estate Investment Trusts. Real Estate Economics, 35(4), 541-567. Casey, W. (2015). Real estate investment planning. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Institute for Business Planning. Cooper, J. (2013). Real estate investment analysis. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books. Chen, Y., Wang, R. (2015). Are humans rational? Exploring factors influencing impulse buying intention and continuous impulse buying intention. Journal Of Consumer Behaviour, 15(2), 186-197. GholipourFereidouni, H., AriffinMasron, T. (2013). Real estate market factors and foreign real estate investment. Journal Of Economic Studies, 40(4), 448-468. Hartzell, J., Sun, L., Titman, S. (2016). The Effect of Corporate Governance on Investment: Evidence from Real Estate Investment Trusts. Real Estate Economics, 34(3), 343-376. Hua, Y. (2011). Primary Discrimination and Application of Real Estate Investment Trust and Real Estate Private Equity Funds. International Business Research, 4(3). Hung, S., Glascock, J. (2014). 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Wednesday, April 22, 2020

Voting Rights for African Americans Essay Example For Students

Voting Rights for African Americans Essay Alexis Augustin AAA S Malcolm X Survey Essay A Vote for a Better Future Black Americans of today need to register to vote and make use of their voting rights if they want to see a change to the current state of democracy. In the contemporary world of today Americans are said to be living in the most equal nation, one where its citizens are entitled to a variety of inalienable rights, one in particular being the right to vote. However this was not always the case. From the times of the late Malcolm X, we have not made much progress in our voting affairs. We have the choice and ability to vote, but are we as a people (the black community) utilizing these rights to the utmost? Have we been using our votes to our advantage, or making use of our votes at all? Statistics and I say no. We will write a custom essay on Voting Rights for African Americans specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We did not always have choice or say in how things were governed and now that we do, I would hope to see all Black Americans jumping at the chance to be a part of the decision making. Think back to not even a half century ago when this privilege was not ours, and there were many a people ready to give up all they had, their lives and more for it. Malcolm X the revolutionary in his struggle for freedom stressed the importance of Voting. He emphasized the power of the vote and the importance of being granted the right of voting, and even now not as many as need be are making use of their vote. A good beginning is Malcolm Xs speech, The Ballot or the Bullet delivered April 3, 1964 in Cleveland, Ohio; this speech was devoted to the voting issues of that era. The most significant ideas of that speech that I would like to discuss are exploitation of African-Americans and This struggle was not easy; it was obvious that there were individuals that disagreed with blacks having voting rights. When Malcolm spoke out in An Appeal to African Heads of State, he discussed his dissatisfaction with the American governments willingness to protect the lives its African-American citizens from blatant racists murder attacks. Malcolm labels the African-Americans as defenseless. He refers to three recent cases. One case there were two black bodies were found in the Mississippi River, another in Georgia where an unarmed African-American educator was brutally murdered and the last when three civil-rights leaders disappeared completely. Although it was uncertain if they were murdered, the people were lead to believe they disappeared because they were teaching the black people in Mississippi how to vote and secure their political rights. I think it is safe to say they wanted to use this to scare others from doing the same. The last case alone illustrates the influence of the vote. The National Newspaper Publishers Association also made efforts during this time to encourage greater Negro voter registration. It was quoted We have seen men shot down in the streets as they moved to exercise the basic right of suffrage. We have seen, only recently, more than a dozen men in Mississippi lose their lives when they attempt to register to vote This alone should motivate every eligible man and woman to resolve now to vote in the coming presidential election. These statements tie in with my survey question: Do you think African Americans take for granted the voting rights their ancestors fought so long for?, majority of survey takers, a good 55% either agreed strongly or moderately. On many occasions Malcolm X testifies specifically about voting in the south. .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74 , .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74 .postImageUrl , .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74 , .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74:hover , .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74:visited , .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74:active { border:0!important; } .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74:active , .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74 .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u6b35a3a1607275e51640913240150e74:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Living With Dyslexia Essay In the speech With Mrs. Fannie Lou Hamer, Malcolm affirms that because the black man is denied the right to vote in the south of the forty-six committees that had control the foreign and domestic direction of the country in 1964 twenty-three were in the hands of Southern racists. Another account concerning voting in the south, Malcolm testifies if Negroes could vote south of the Canadian bordersouth South, if Negroes could vote in the southern part of the South Malcolm describes how certain people would not hold positions if black were given their right to vote. Malcolm touched upon the need for black .

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

The Date Palms Industry in UAE Essay Sample

The Date Palms Industry in UAE Essay Sample The Date Palms Industry in UAE Analysis Essay The Date Palms Industry in UAE Analysis Essay The date palms industry in UAE is a vast industry that generates a significant amount of revenue and employment for people. The industry had been in existence for several thousand years and was the main source of income before oil was discovered in the region. As an agricultural industry, date palms offer a large compensation for the Sahara region because it provides work and sustenance for over 60% of the population. Basically, date palms are an agricultural relief for an area with very extreme temperatures like the UAE among other countries. The date palms are found in areas that are arid or semi arid, but with a water supply either as an oasis, a river like the Nile for Egypt, or an irrigation system as used in other parts of the desert nations. Aside from the fruits that are considered an Arabic delicacy all over the world, date palms are also useful in the making of confectionery and sweets, as well as baking products among other things. In addition, the industry not only provid es labor in the production department, but also in marketing, processing, packaging and exporting as well as local supply and vending. Thus, it can be considered as a very lucrative industry in the UAE and beyond. Considering how vast and extensive the date industry is in the UAE, this research proposal is aimed at examining the details of the industry with regards to the culture, history, benefits, and types of date palms cultivated in the UAE. The study involves examining companies that deal in the date palm industry to establish how they operate, and the driving force behind them in a bid to establish just how beneficial date palms are to the social and economic well being of the UAE. Date Palms In their analysis, Alhudaib, Arocha, Wilson and Jones (2007) established that date palms belong to the Palmae family, and their scientific name is Phoenix dactylifera. Just like other palms, they are tall with a great capacity to survive in high saline conditions and water scarcity. As a fruit tree, the date palm outdoes all other fruit trees with regards to tolerance and value considering it can be replaced in a very short time and can be used continuously under good conditions without being completely depleted of its resources. In more ways, the date palm can be considered as an exotic fruit that is tied to the heavenly religions and with the most emphasis in Islam considering even mentioning in the Koran and thus takes on a central position in the meals especially during Ramadan and other religious festivities (Al-Maary, 1995). Date palms are also a great part of the socio economic structure in many nations, most Arabic including Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Iran, United Arab Emirates, Pa kistan, Algeria, Sudan, Oman, Libya, and Tunisia (Oxford Business Group, 2009). This plant does especially well in areas otherwise considered to be barren and beat up by the sun and other degrading forces of nature. Furthermore, it can be stated that date palms are not as demanding as many other fruit trees, and thus they are able to do well in some of the harshest conditions known to plant life. Also, considering that the fruits do not all ripen at the same time, these plants provide the farmer with sufficient harvesting work in the ripening season as they have to be waited before they can be harvested. Also, the fruits are consumed worldwide and thus have quite a large market for the large volumes produced in the Sahara region and beyond. In their research, Oxford Business Group (2009) establishes that date palm is a highly tolerant plant and its fruit is a drupe with one seed which shape and size depends on the variety. The tree is propagated from either the seeds or the offshoots which only grow in the first four to five years after planting and have to be removed carefully to avoid damaging the entire plant. The fruits also do not ripen at the same time and thus harvesting is occurring later and not at once as in the case with other fruits. Various varieties produce different fruits with some being soft, others semi dry and others simply dry. They all however have a pleasant taste and are healthy, complete and with a very high energy content. The date palms are best suited for desert regions of the Arabic Peninsula, Sahara and Sabel (Oxford Business Group, 2009). In the UAE, the date palms are largely grown in three main regions which include the Western and Eastern Coastal areas as well as the Inland areas and Oases (Noack, 2007). The country has dedicated itself to cultivating date palms in all regions in which the trees can grow as it is considered not only as an agricultural oil well, but also as an enabler of agriculture owing to the shielding properties of the tall trees and deep roots. Moreover, they are believed to protect the shorter trees and annual crops from harsh weather conditions like excessive heat from direct sunlight, and the strong desert winds. The fruits are also highly nutritious and have both a cultural and religious value to people of the UAE. Unlike other regions which devote their date palms plantations only to areas with a natural water supply, UAE uses underground water supply in some of its date palms plantations to increase the amount of land that is viable for its cultivation. It is for this specific reason, along with the fact that the UAE is a geographically endowed nation with vast expanses of land at its disposal that have propagated the nation to the status of world’s highest producer of date palms. The History of Date Palms The history of date palms, along with the history of many other crops, has been hard to trace accurately. However, studies place the date palms as far back as 4000 BC with appearances in many historic writings and geological findings that include the Egyptian civilization, Syria and larger Mesopotamia. The fruit is also extensively mentioned in Islamic writings and it must have existed well before the religion has been founded. Currently, the cultivation of these date palms is largely limited to the Arabic countries in the Arabian Peninsula and the Sahara region stretching from Egypt all the way to Nigeria. All these countries draw their inspiration from the fruit’s global consumers who are attracted by its exotic nature besides the nutritional values. The date palms are largely considered as a natural part of the ecosystem in the Gulf region. Most of the population cannot imagine a land without date palms as they have grown to see them as a part of the environment (UN Press Release, 2004). Even in ancient stories that are passed down from generation to generation, date palms are frequently mentioned implying they have always existed. While these fruits may not have originally come from the UAE, they are an irreplaceable part of its historical heritage and now even more as a part of its socio economic construct. In the UAE, date palms were just another fruit trees and were largely produced for local consumption and for the tourism industry. However, under the leadership of the President, the crop began receiving much more consideration as an opportunity to build a civilized society that can sustain itself through agriculture and not just depending on the oil industry. As a result of this opinion and vision, the UAE increased its production of date palms by more than 4000% in a span of about 10 years. Date Palms in the Culture of UAE As a largely desert country, the UAE does not have many crops to boast about. However, the country has very deep attachments to the date palms. Historically, these fruit trees were considered heavenly by the ancient religions and they also were symbols of God’s mercy with regards to its ability to withstand the scorching desert sun and severe water scarcity and provide fruits for people to live on (UN Press Release, 2004). The UAE is largely Islamic, in that Islam is not only the state religion, but also largely the only religion that can and should be practiced within state borders. This means that every citizen has a tie to the date palms considering it has religious roots. Moreover, the fruits are offered as gifts and blessings, and make up a large part of the menu during religious festivities that include the Holy Month of Ramadan. In this sense, the entire population of the UAE recognizes these fruit trees and acknowledges their centrality in the religious practices and festivities. Also, there are quite a number of tourists who visit the UAE and are taken through the date palms culture and history thus increasing their interest in the fruit. Most of the produce, before exportation picked up, was actually meant for tourists and local consumption. To this day, the country has a date palms festival during which visitors are encouraged to buy various types of date palms at very competitive prices from different producers and marketers available. Generally, the nation’s leadership has a lot of faith in the country’s agricultural potential with special regard for the date palm and this faith has played a great role in pushing the UAE to its current status away from oil dependence. As a visionary leader, the President continues to lead the nation into an era of abundant wealth and prosperity that is not dependent on the oil resources of the Gulf region, and agriculture is at the center of this plan with date palms playing the leading role. The Socio Economic Aspect of Date Palms in UAE The UAE is a country with well developed economy, largely hinged on oil exports and tourism. There are numerous economic activities, however, currently agriculture has been given a top priority as well. Given the instability in the global oil market, the UAE government has sought to create an economy that can sustain itself even without its oil resources. To realize this vision, agriculture has been emphasized and the country is now very successful in producing its own dates as opposed to importing it from other Arabic countries in North Africa and the rest of the Arabian Peninsula. This was of course achieved through a series of policies and incentives that were formulated and enforced by the government of the day. As more people became interested in the agricultural industry, the country’s sustainability also increased and currently it is largely independent of the oil industry given its agricultural potential. Initially, most of people in the UAE were living in poor conditions given that not everyone could get work in the oil industry. Also, there wasn’t much to do in an economy that largely depended on oil. With the introduction and emphasis of agriculture and especially date palm trees, there has been a drastic change in the living conditions of a vast majority of people in the UAE. The industry currently employs a sizeable portion of the population in cultivars, and packaging companies as well as the exporting industry. In the global front, date palms employ over 60% of the Saharan population by providing income generating opportunities as farmers, local vendors, exporters and middlemen. Numerous members of the UAE community have managed to amerce vast wealth from the date palm industry through cultivars, exporting companies, local supplies, and packaging companies. The date palms have not only improved the lives of people in the UAE, but also greatly grown the country’s economy and pulled it out of its previous dependence on oil as its major economic resource. The industry has also saved the country from having to import dates from other countries for its largely Islamic population given its importance to them. International Perception of the Date Palms For many years, date palms have been an exotic fruit to people outside the Arab world. The concept of the date palm remains a fascinating one in which most foreigners are curious about. As a fruit, it is considered rare and luxurious, often associated with royalty and power. The fact that the fruit is also mainly cultivated in Arabic countries also adds on to their fascination as they associate it with Arabic culture and heritage. Therefore, the international community largely perceives date palms as an Arabic staple delicacy which is highly valued and appreciated in numerous other cultures as well. Considering that the fruit has religious connections in Islam, the global community also perceives it as a religious symbol especially during the Holy Month of Ramadan. The main reason behind this association is that many Islamic families stock their fridges with these fruits during the holy month and give them away as gifts to their friends and relatives. This is how most foreigners get to experience date palms for the first time, although others have to visit an Arabic country for their first encounter with date palms. The Date Industry Globally and UAE Nowadays, there are ten major date palms producing countries in the world. These include Egypt, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Tunisia, Pakistan, Sudan, Algeria, Iran, Yemen and Oman. Out of these countries comes a total of about 10 million tons of date palms distributed across the world for consumption. A majority of these date palms end up in the hands of Muslim believers while the rest is consumed by people from other religions with a love for the fruit or a curiosity based on what they may have read or heard of it. Egypt, with its dependence on the Nile for water, boasts of the highest volumes of date palms produced. The nation has date palms planted all over in areas that are accessible to water. Its date palms are also high yielding varieties owing to the fact that they have an all year round access to the Nile’s waters. The country has also largely invested in irrigation as a way of sustaining its agricultural sector and thus they have the best chance of leading the pack in production and export of dates. However, they do not have sufficient capacity to package and export all of their date palms given the industrial limitations in the country. On the other hand, Saudi Arabia elevated date palms as the most important cash crop with a representation of vitality and growth in its national emblem. With its vast land under date palm plantations, this country commands a market share of up to 18% worldwide with a production that is approximately 10% of the world’s total date palm production. In essence, Saudi Arabia has given the date palms industry the priority it deserves and thus they are reaping the benefits of their focus. Tunisia also boasts of a great amount of date palms production coming in with over 120,000 tons annually. This nation has dedicated over 60% of its land to cultivating date palm plantations and they supply more than half of Europe’s date fruits demand. However, Algeria produces 500,000 tons and competes with Tunisia for the Europe confectioneries market, and has dedicated over 80% of its land to date palms given their pivotal position in the desert’s ecosystem. These countries, however, do not only use the fruits off the trees. They also use the other non fruit components for various things like feeding the livestock, building fences, mulching, weaving baskets, making textiles, and roofing among other things. They have also established new ways to use the fruit tree’s fruit and non fruit parts as raw materials for industries, such as sweet making, confectioneries and baking products among others. Of all the date palm producing countries in the world, the UAE has the largest amount of land dedicated to the crop and this is estimated to be about 220,000 hectares with a potential production of over 800,000 tons of date fruits annually. The world’s date palm industries largely produce for export into the European market, but the local markets also play a big role in the industry. For example, Egypt is unable to process all of its date fruits for export despite the high amount of produce realized annually and thus it largely produces for the local market and its immediate neighbors. Growth of the Date Palms Industry Initially, dates were a local delicacy. A fruit considered to be wild and only palatable to the desert dwellers. With the spread of Islam, this perception changed and more people began to identify with the fruit. A further spread of civilization then opened the date fruits market up for exploitation by creating markets for the fruit both far and wide. As the demand grew, the enterprising nations gained interest in the industry to a point that some economies are currently hinged on the date palms production for sustenance. In the beginning, the industry was all about producing the fruits and packaging them for export. However, there have come many more uses for the produce as opposed to being consumed as a fruit. Sweets and confectioneries, as well as baking products and even health supplements are being made from the date palm fruits. In this sense, the market is not restricted to the end consumers, but to sweet factories and bakeries which use them fruits as ingredients in their recipes. Also, the industry largely had to suffer destruction and degradation by pests and diseases. With revolutionary studies and discoveries in the field of disease and pest control in agriculture, the problem is in control and probably on its way to elimination. While there still are few reports of pests and diseases, the damage is no longer as crippling to the industry as it used to be in the past. The industry now stands among the most successful in agriculture and possibly the second best industry after oil in the Arabic countries. In some of these countries, dates production and export as a source of revenue is only rivaled by tourism in second place after oil production. Considering how many people have been employed in the date palms industry, it is not exactly determined, but in the Sahara region alone over 60% of people directly depends on the date palm plantations for their livelihoods (Bashah, 1999). Thus, this means that the industry has the potential of sustaining a very large percentage of the populace in terms of work and sustainable income. This in turn means that the world’s population is less likely to have as high levels of poverty as it has been without the date palm plantations. Benefits of the Date Palms Industry in UAE Date palms have a wide variety of benefits to the populations as a fruit, a tree, a cash crop, a symbol in the national emblem and even a cultural and religious delicacy. The date palms have been cherished throughout history for a number of reasons some of which are known to us and proven by science, while others remain mystical and mythical to the present generations (Ferry Gomez, 2002). Some of the known benefits are discussed below with a special focus of the agricultural, nutritional and medicinal, socio economic and religious values of the date palms. Agricultural Values Date palms are mainly planted in desert regions with high temperatures, high salinity and low humidity, but with an access to water. These areas are often around oases or just in the desert where irrigation has been factored in as an aid to agriculture. In such areas, there is very high sunlight intensity, strong winds and often extreme temperatures both cold and hot alternating. Date palms are often tall trees with deep and strong roots (Saudi Press Agency, 2009). Their leaves are long and provide a shade as well. Using the principles of soil conservation, trees help to break strong winds and thus protect the soil from being eroded. In an agricultural setting, these trees not only prevent soil erosion, but also protect the smaller trees and plants from being broken or uprooted by the strong desert winds. Thus, this means that the farmer can easily indulge in the cultivation of other smaller fruit trees as well as annual crops within the date palms plantations. Additionally, the date palms have both fruit and non fruit components that are useful to the farmer. The low quality fruits can be used to feed livestock. The leaves are also often used for fencing and mulching in horticulture to protect the fragile plants from harsh environmental and climatic conditions. Basically, it can be said that the cultivation of date palms in the desert regions enables the farmers to engage in other farming activities thus boosting sustainable food production along the economic benefits of exporting this exotic fruit that is a secondary oil well in the Arabic world. Nutritional and Medicinal Values The date fruit is a drupe, with one seed per fruit. The fruit has numerous nutritional attributes aside from the pleasant taste and high energy content. The fruit is largely valued for its high fiber content as well. Other than its sophisticated categorization, date fruits are a real asset when eaten on a regular basis as they have numerous significant benefits to the body. With regards to its medicinal values, there are a large number of ailments and physical troubles that the fruit and other tree components are said to handle successfully. While there may not be sufficient scientific proof to strengthen or eliminate these claims, some of them have scientific explanations while others are left to speculation from stories passed on from previous generations. Some of the problems said to be solved through the use of parts of the date fruits and trees are ulcers, halitosis, sore throats, colds, fevers, toothaches, diarrhea, cystitis, edema, kidney and liver problems, as well as ague, alcohol induced hangovers, and gonorrhea. All these problems are delegated to various parts of the date palm tree including fruit seeds, roots, bark, flower and even leaves. Socio Economic Values The date palm tree, due to its majestic height is considered to be a beauty in the desert. For this reason, it is often grown in residential settings as a method of landscaping vast lands. The trees are also used to as land marks and for boundaries in cases of vast land ownership. Another major use of the date palms is that they provide food not only for people, but for animals as well. Over the years, desert populations have depended on the date fruits to feed themselves and their livestock too. As a cash crop, date palms provide an alternative source of sustainable income that pulls countries away from their dependence on oil as an economic driver. As an agricultural produce, date palms give countries a sustainable source of income that is not only dependable and sustainable but also environment friendly. The industry employs a significant number of individuals in production, processing, curing, packaging, marketing and exporting. Also, there are a number of other industries, such as confectionery and sweets that depend on the date palms industry, thus more jobs and more revenue. Another significant socio economic value of the date palms industry is that it has encouraged desert dwellers to settle down and practice agriculture as opposed to moving around and engaging in clashes and livestock rustling. Previously, desert communities were considered hostile and insecure, but currently they are settled and producing over 10 million tones of the precious fruit annually. In these countries, date palm production has boosted national income thus improving the living conditions of the general population. As countries grow richer on agricultural production, more people are likely to benefit as compared to oil production which often benefits the wealthy few who have land titles and money to buy oil rigs. Religious Values The highest amount of date fruits is often consumed during the Holy Month of Ramadan globally. The fruit is mentioned in the Koran and thus the Islamic community has a religious connection to it. Also, during the fasting period it is considered an asset due to its high energy content. The date fruits have a capacity of up to 3000 calories per kilogram and this is among the highest in all foods (Greiner, 1998). Otherwise, it was historically lauded by the ancient religions that considered it symbolic in their communion with heavenly powers. Challenges of the Date Palms Industry In all the ten top producers of date palms in the world, three challenges stand out significantly. These are pests and diseases, inadequate skilled labor and insufficient capacity for processing the fruits in readiness for exporting. Other major constraints are lack of research, climate changes, and market limitations. While these countries have all prioritized date palms production and exportation, they are yet to deal effectively with these problems as discussed below. Pests and Diseases Just like the rest of the agricultural industry, the date palms industry is heavily riddled with problems of pest and disease control (Mahmoudi et el., 2008). The farmers sometimes are exposed and experience severe losses due to pests and diseases and especially the Red Palm Weevil that causes extensive damage to palm groves. This results in significant damage to the crop and thus extremely low yields if any at all. As scientists try to come up with ways to eliminate this menace, farmers remain at risk of experiencing tremendous losses in the industry. Inadequate Skilled Labor Date palms take a relatively long time to grow and mature into a productive plant with a full capacity to be fruitful for years on end. Before they mature, however, they need a lot of care including cutting the offshoots for planting. If this is not done well and carefully then the trees are at risk of not being as fruitful as they should be. Another challenge in managing date palms is in caring for them and protecting them against pests and diseases. This also needs some amount of skill that is often lacking as most plantations are run locally by untrained personnel and farmhands. Insufficient Processing Capacity Some of the date palms producing countries have such high yields that they are unable to process all of it for exportation (Sawaya, 2000). This leaves the farmers with most of their produce to sell cheaply to the local market or export illegally to their neighboring states for processing and exportation. It is for a reason that the countries do not have the commitment to expand their processing industries or build more to satisfy the large date palms production that they have. Lack Of Research Agriculture requires constant research to come up with more productive and more resistant strains of crop. While there are several agricultural research facilities worldwide, none of them has focused its attention to this very important cash crop. The date palms have been left to adapt to the environment and suffer their fate of pests and diseases without trying to modify them and make them stronger and with a better chance of survival (University of Delaware, 2004). Also, research would have been able to create strains of the crop that do not need such extreme climatic conditions and can thus be grown in the tropics as well. This would further enlarge the industry and create more produce for the market. Climate Change Date palms are very specific in their required conditions for growth. The trees need to be able to access water regularly so that the roots can soak it up for the rest of the plant (Zohary Hopf, 2000). Also, the fruits need a prolonged summer heat with very low humidity in order to ripen well. With the changes in climate, however, these conditions are being threatened and thus the trees may not be able to yield good fruit in the same high quality and quantity as before (United Nations Development Program, 2004). Market Limitations Some people grow the date palms, but are unable to sell it due to the fact that most local markets are already flooded with the product. The cost of processing and packaging for exportation on the other hand is also seemingly too steep for some small scale farmers and thus they are unable to sell their produce at all. live CHAT Methodology The research will involve interviews with stakeholders in the date palms industry in the UAE. First, we will need to collect information on how much date fruits are being exported annually and to which specific destinations. Also, we will need information on how many date palm trees are there in the country and possibly find out how expensive or cheap it is to run these plantations as well as the average realized profit margins. Another important information will be which industries the data palm industry is partnering with locally in terms of product modification and manufacture of sweets, confectioneries, baking products and any other items from date palm derivatives. Considering how large the country is and how wide spread the date palm plantations are, it would be much easier to conduct the research through the use of secondary resources with regards to information about the cultivars (Williams, 2008). All the major ones are well established and thus information on them can be easily found online and in business publications. Thus, this part of the research will involve the business websites and online journals as well as publications. The information required from the government can also be found online in the economic journals as released by the government annually. This is where we will get information on how many tones of date fruits are being exported on an annual basis and to which countries do they go. The local industries can also be contacted through their websites to provide information on what business is like for them and which local industries they are partnering with to improve the date palm industry. This will also involve primary research as the required information may not be readily available on the company websites and online journals or articles. Lastly, the study will obtain primary research by interviewing the local citizens in order to find out just what they think about the date palms industry in the UAE and what should be done to improve the situation and prevent it from deteriorating as it supports a large portion of the population as well boosts some aspects of the tourism industry as the staple exotic fruit of the Arabic world that is sought after by foreigners. The collected information will then be analyzed and represented in the form of charts and graphs as it will be comparing the date palms industry’s performance and growth potential in the UAE with the rest of the world to establish the industry is doing in a global scale. Considering that this country is just one out of the top ten date palm producers in the world, detail is a key component of the study as the minor details may be the distinguishing factors between good performance and better performance.

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Arab-Israeli Conflict Essays - Zionism, Land Of Israel, Free Essays

Arab-Israeli Conflict The Arab-Israeli conflict came about from the notion of Political Zionism. Zionism is the belief that Jews constitute a nation (or a people) and that they deserve the right to return to what they consider to be their ancestral home, land of Israel (or Palestine). Political Zionism, the belief that Jews should establish a state for themselves in Palestine, was a revolutionary idea for the 19th Century. During World War I, Jews supported countries that constituted the Central Powers because they detested the tyranny of czarist Russia. Both the Allies and Central Powers needed Jewish support, but Germany could not espouse Zionism due to its ties with the Ottoman Empire, which still controlled Palestine. British Prime Minister Lloyd George & Foreign Secretary Lord Balfour, favored Zionism and supported their cause in a letter that became known as the Balfour Declaration, ensuring that the British government would control Palestine after the war with a commitment to build the Jewish national home there, promising only to work for the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine and not harm the civil and religious rights of Palestines "existing non-Jewish communities". After the Great War, Britains Forces jointly occupied the area known as Palestine with Faysals (Iraq) Arab army. The British set up a provisional military government in Jerusalem that soon became a struggle between Jewish settlers and the Arab inhabitants. In April 1920, the Palestinian Arabs revolted, killing Jews and damaging property, opening the Arab nationalist revolution in Palestine. The League of Nations awarded the Palestine mandate in 1922, charging Britain with carrying out the Balfour Declaration, encouraging Jewish migration to Palestine and help create the Jewish "national home". But the Arabs suspected the British mandate would hold them in colonial bondage until the Jews achieved a majority in Palestine. Winston Churchill issued a white paper denying that the British government meant to give preferential treatment to Jews with a proviso for restricting Jewish immigration to conform with Palestines "absorptive capacity". Another action that seemed to violate the mandate was the creation of the Emirate of Transjordan, removing two-thirds of Palestine that lay east of the Jordan River from the area in which Jews could develop their national home, claiming the partition was only temporary. During the first civilian governor of Palestine, it looked as if Jewish-Arab differences would be resolved when more Jews emigrated out of Palestine than immigrated and with the presence of a complementary relationship among the two peoples, but the hopes dissipated during the 1929 "Wailing Wall Incident". The Wailing Wall (a.k.a. the Western Wall) is a remnant of the second Jewish Temple, symbolizing the hope that one day the Temple will be rebuilt and the ancient Jewish rituals revived; but the Wall also forms a part of the enclosure surrounding the Temple Mount, which the Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa mosque stand atop; Muslims feared that Jewish actions before the Western Wall could lead to their pressing a claim to the historic site. In 1928, Jewish worshipers brought some benches to sit on. The police took them away several times, but the Jews kept putting them back. To Muslims, this activity was an attempt by the Jews to strengthen their claims to the Wall and retaliated by running a highway past it to distract the worshipers. Several fights broke out that escalated into a small civil war. Arabs perpetrated massacres in other places in Palestine. The British constabulary was inadequate and Britain sent a commission of inquiry; later issuing a report that justified the Arab position. The colonial secretary, Lord Passfield, placed blame on the Jewish Agency and the Zionists, and Britain tightened restrictions on Jewish immigration. Due to domestic embarrassment, the British government issued a letter explaining away the Passfield condemnation, hardly appeasing the Zionists, but angering the Arabs. As Arab animosity increased, the Arab Higher Committee in Palestine called for a general strike, paralyzing the country for several months. The British sent another commission of inquiry, headed by Lord Peel, which recommended partition, giving a small area of northern and central Palestine to the Jews, while leaving the most to Arabs. But the Palestine Arabs opposed the partition, fearing its acceptance would be a step toward their loss of Palestine. Britain scaled